Posts Tagged ‘NUG’

A Movement Is Pressuring Governments To Sanction Myanmar Military Oil Company and Myanmar State Banks

June 6, 2021

Electoral parliamentarians and campaign groups are pressing foreign governments to impose sanctions on Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) and state banks, which are now under junta control.
40 French lawmakers recently called on their government to support EU sanctions against MOGE, calling it a significant financial windfall for the junta.
Parliamentarians also asked for official recognition of the National Unity Government (NUG) and the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
Six US senators requested sanctions against MOGE in a letter to US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in April 2021.
“When the junta was in place previously in the 1990s, gas revenues from Total and Chevron/Unocal helped them withstand international sanctions as their reserves diminished. Specifically, we believe that the Tatmadaw should be prevented from having access to a steady supply of international resources,” the senators wrote,
The Washington Post published an editorial urging action on oil and gas revenue flows to the junta the same month.
By passing sanctions on MOGE, the Biden administration could break the deadlock. These sanctions could allow Total and Chevron to continue gas production while preventing profits from being transferred. The Treasury department might also sanction accounts in Thailand and Singapore where MOGE collects royalties, according to the paper.
In recent weeks, campaign groups have increased their efforts.
Daniel Eriksson, CEO of global anti-corruption organization Transparency International, sent a letter to European Commission Vice-President Josep Borrell Fontelles on May 25 calling for EU action to stop oil and gas revenue flowing to Myanmar’s military government.
Daniel wrote, “The junta will likely use [oil and gas revenues] to control the government apparatus, finance atrocities against the local population, purchase arms, and seize portions for private gain.”
The letter called for sanctions against MOGE, Myanma Foreign Trade Bank and Myanmar Investment and Commercial Bank, the intermediary banks that collect oil and gas revenue.
The campaign for sanctions intensified after TotalEnergies and Chevron announced that dividends from the Yadana pipeline project will not be paid, costing the junta tens of millions of dollars.
408 civil society groups released a statement on Friday demanding that TotalEnergies and Chevron “support targeted sanctions rather than lobbying for exemptions.”
The company’s chairman, Patrick Pouyanné, told its shareholders recently that it would comply with any future sanctions.
The Human Rights Watch responded to TotalEnergies and Chevron’s announcement by stating that a suspension of pipeline profits is not enough without targeted sanctions.
Human Rights Watch’s John Sifton said Chevron and Total’s recent decision is a step in the right direction, but it affects less than 5 percent of the natural gas revenue the Myanmar government receives. “For real impact, governments and companies need to stop the junta from receiving funds or accessing bank accounts that receive payments.”
Human Rights Watch has also expressed concern about the role played by Thai oil company PTT and called on governments that have sanctioned military conglomerates to pressure Japan, Singapore, and Thailand to take similar measures.
As echoed by the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Global Witness called for targeted sanctions and oil and gas funds to be kept in a protected account.
“To capture the rest of these revenues, the international community must impose targeted economic sanctions against the military’s economic interests in the oil and gas sector. The proceeds from the sale of Myanmar’s natural gas will be held for a future, the legitimate government rather than funding the military regime,” said Keel Dietz of Global Witness.
A Myanmar budget document drawn up before the coup predicted Myanmar would earn 2,305 billion kyat (about US$1.4 billion) from oil and gas in 2022. Just over 10% of total government revenues will come from the sector this year.

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Myanmar News Organization Wants Thai Authorities Not To Deport Myanmar Journalists

May 13, 2021

The reporters’ news organization urged the authorities not to deport them to Myanmar because their lives would be at risk, and now three Myanmar journalists and two activists are being charged with illegal entry in a Thai court.
The group was detained during a random search in the northern city of Chiang Mai recently, DVB said in a statement.
According to Aye Chan Naing, DVB’s executive director and chief editor, Thai authorities should not deport them back to Burma, as their lives will be in danger.
Myanmar’s military rulers have clamped down on independent media, shutting down broadcasts and publications, and arresting dozens of journalists.
The Myanmar military said illegal media outlets broadcast news that undermines national security, the rule of law and public order, and encourages people to commit treason.
Reuters reports that five Myanmar nationals have been arrested in the San Sai district outside of Chiang Mai and are due to appear in court recently. Thapanapong Chairangsri, the district’s police chief, says the arrests were committed after their illegal entry into the country.
In addition to deportation, he said they would be held in detention for 14 days due to a Coronavirus outbreak before being turned over to immigration authorities.
In a tweet, Tanee Sangrat, the spokesperson for the Thai Foreign Ministry, said the authorities were coordinating to find humanitarian solutions to the recent case of journalists from Myanmar.
According to Human Rights Watch, DVB was facing hostile actions and should be released.
Thailand must absolutely not return these DVB journalists and activists to Myanmar because they will be arrested and persecuted by the State Administration Council junta, Asia Director Brad Adams said in a statement.
On March 8th, 2021, DVB’s television licence was revoked, and the broadcaster was banned from doing any media work.
Aye Chan Naing, meanwhile, asked the UNHCR in Bangkok for intervention to ensure their safety.

The Myanmar Military Calls NUG A Terrorist Group

May 11, 2021

Myanmar’s military has declared that the National Unity Group (NUG) is a group of terrorists.
According to the state-controlled media, NUG is responsible for killings, arson, and bombings.
Since the military took over the government on February 1st, 2021, there have been nationwide protests and it has not backed down from its calls for a return to a democratic government.
Local militias and bombings occur daily in Myanmar, and there are strikes against the military causing the country to paralyze.
Nug, which calls the Myanmar military a terrorist organization, has announced that they are creating a People’s Defense Force to protect supporters from the Myanmar military. The force will be led by a defector.
Myanmar’s state television acknowledged the NUG, the People’s Defense Force, and deposed legislators CRPH were part of a terrorist network that threatened citizens, killed people, and set fire to government offices, damaging the administration.

The Opposition Group NUG Wants To Set Up A Defence Force To Protect People From The Myanmar Military

May 6, 2021

Recently in April 2021, Myanmar’s National Unity Government (NUG), set up by opponents of military rule, announced that it had formed a people’s defense force to protect its supporters from attacks and violence by the military government.
Myanmar has seen daily protests and a surge in violence since the military seized power on February 1st, 2021, and ousted a government led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi.
The new force was argued to be a prelude to the Federal Union Army (FUA), which is responsible for ending decades of civil wars and for dealing with military attacks and violence by the State Administration Council (SAC) against its people.
Last month, an array of groups opposed to the junta, including ethnic minorities militias, established a unity government that promised to restore democracy, end violence, and build a federal democratic union.
It is reported by the Karen Information Center media group that as of March 31 the KNU’s Brigade 5 has killed 194 government troops, the country’s oldest rebel group.
An election commission found the November election fair, despite the military’s complaints of fraud by Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League of Democracy(NLD) party.
The military disputes the AAPP figure and has banned the group.
A total of 248 people have been killed since mid-April, 2021, and 24 police officers and soldiers have also been killed in the protests.
It has been impossible for independent media to verify casualties. Many of the journalists and activists have been arrested and detained as well. The Myanmar military has carried out military operations against ethnic groups in Karen and Kachin States, driving thousands of people to flee – some into Thailand.
The latest development comes as thousands of people stage protests across the country despite the violent crackdown.

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