Posts Tagged ‘Myanmar military’

UN Urged The Myanmar Military To Release Aung San Suu Kyi

July 3, 2021

UN spokesperson said Antonio Guterres urged Myanmar’s military to release Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint immediately after thousands of other detainees were freed five months after the coup.
Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected government was overthrown by the army on February 1 when it took control of the country.
“We reiterate our call for the immediate release of all those arbitrarily detained, including Win Myint and Aung San Suu Kyi,” Eri Kaneko, Guterres’ associate spokesperson, said on Thursday.
The military said more than 2,000 people were detained on incitement charges for participating in protests, including journalists and others.
Many of the military’s opponents have been jailed and convicted under a law that criminalizes statements that could spread fear or misinformation. She remains in detention for an offense related to this among others.
The continued use of violence and intimidation by the security forces, including arbitrary arrests, remains deeply concerning, said Kaneko.
The burning of army uniforms
Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Myanmar’s biggest city, Yangon, on Thursday to mark the fifth month since the coup. They set fire to an army uniform and chanted for democracy.
In many parts of Southeast Asia, protests against the army are held daily, but this was one of the largest protests in Myanmar in recent weeks.
What are our goals? I love democracy! I love democracy!While throwing colorful smoke flares through the street, protesters chanted.
In the name of the people! A video published by Reuters shows them shouting “For the people!”.
Reuters was unable to contact a military spokesman for comment.
Since the coup, Myanmar’s army has struggled to assert its authority. There have been protests, strikes that have paralyzed the public and private sectors, and a resurgence of border conflicts.

UN Finally Reacts To Myanmar Coup And Tries To Pass An Arms Embargo

June 20, 2021

In response to this year’s violent military coup, the UN has called for the suspension of arms sales to Myanmar.

The General Assembly adopted a resolution condemning the military junta that overthrew the elected government in February 2021.

Also, the UN called for the release of political prisoners, such as Aung San Suu Kyi, and an end to violence against peaceful protesters.

Even though the resolution is not legally binding, it has political significance.

As UN special envoy on Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener told the General Assembly, “the risk of a large-scale civil war is real.” “Time is of the essence. The opportunity to reverse the military takeover is dwindling.”

Belarus was the only country to vote against it, with 119 countries supporting it.

Another 36 countries abstained, including Russia and China – Myanmar’s two largest arms suppliers.

Abstainers argued the crisis was an internal matter for Myanmar, while others argued the resolution did not address a crackdown on the Rohingya Muslim population four years ago that forced almost a million people to flee their homes.

EU ambassador to the UN, Olof Skoog, said the resolution “delegitimizes the military junta, condemns its abuse and violence against its own people, and demonstrates its isolation from the world.

Myanmar’s military has brutally cracked down on pro-democracy protesters, activists, and journalists since the coup.

According to the monitoring group Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP), security forces have killed more than 860 people and detained nearly 5,000 to date.

In a statement, Human Rights Watch urged the UN General Assembly to pass a resolution calling for an arms embargo, stating that “while not legally binding on states, such a resolution would have a significant political impact.”

Governments need to recognize that any arms sold to Myanmar’s military will likely be used to commit abuses against the population. “Arms embargoes can help prevent such crimes.

Myanmar in profile
Burma, also known as Myanmar, became independent from Britain in 1948. It’s been under military rule for most of its modern history. In 2009, however, the restrictions began to ease, and in 2015, a new government was installed led by opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
The Myanmar army responded to attacks by Rohingya militants in 2017 with a deadly crackdown, driving more than half a million Rohingya Muslims across the border into Bangladesh in what the UN called an “ethnic cleansing textbook example.”
Suu Kyi, 75, has been under house arrest since the coup and hasn’t been seen or heard from much outside of short court appearances.

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The Trial in Myanmar for Aung San Suu Kyi Will Start on June 14, 2021

June 8, 2021

Lawyers for Myanmar’s deposed leader Aung San Suu Kyi have said her trial will begin next week. The Nobel laureate faces a raft of criminal charges, including possessing unlicensed walkie-talkies and violating Coronavirus restrictions.
Her trial is scheduled to begin on June 14, 2021, and will conclude on July 26, 2021, her legal team told the AFP news agency on Monday., Myanmar has been in chaos since the military seized power on February 1, 2021, and detained Aung San Suu Kyi and other elected leaders.
This has resulted in near-daily protests and a nationwide civil disobedience movement. There have been 849 deaths and 4,500 arrests.
Since May 24, 2021, when she attended a 30-minute court hearing, Aung San Suu Kyi, 75, has been under house arrest in Myanmar’s capital, Naypyidaw.
Just twice has she been allowed to meet with her lawyers since she was placed under house arrest, and her case has been delayed for weeks.
Lawyer Min Min Soe told AFP on Monday after meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi in Naypyidaw that the next hearing will include testimony from plaintiffs and witnesses.
ASEAN’s envoys also discussed implementing a Five-Point Consensus reached during talks between the senior general and Southeast Asian leaders in April 2021.
The consensus calls for an end to violence, political talks, and the appointment of a regional envoy.
During the ASEAN-China foreign ministers’ meeting in Chongqing this week, Myanmar’s crisis is also expected to be discussed. Wunna Maung Lwin, the military’s foreign minister, will also attend.
Global Times reported that Myanmar was willing to coordinate the implementation of the consensus. The ambassador told the paper that China was ready to support the implementation of the consensus.

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A Movement Is Pressuring Governments To Sanction Myanmar Military Oil Company and Myanmar State Banks

June 6, 2021

Electoral parliamentarians and campaign groups are pressing foreign governments to impose sanctions on Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) and state banks, which are now under junta control.
40 French lawmakers recently called on their government to support EU sanctions against MOGE, calling it a significant financial windfall for the junta.
Parliamentarians also asked for official recognition of the National Unity Government (NUG) and the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
Six US senators requested sanctions against MOGE in a letter to US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in April 2021.
“When the junta was in place previously in the 1990s, gas revenues from Total and Chevron/Unocal helped them withstand international sanctions as their reserves diminished. Specifically, we believe that the Tatmadaw should be prevented from having access to a steady supply of international resources,” the senators wrote,
The Washington Post published an editorial urging action on oil and gas revenue flows to the junta the same month.
By passing sanctions on MOGE, the Biden administration could break the deadlock. These sanctions could allow Total and Chevron to continue gas production while preventing profits from being transferred. The Treasury department might also sanction accounts in Thailand and Singapore where MOGE collects royalties, according to the paper.
In recent weeks, campaign groups have increased their efforts.
Daniel Eriksson, CEO of global anti-corruption organization Transparency International, sent a letter to European Commission Vice-President Josep Borrell Fontelles on May 25 calling for EU action to stop oil and gas revenue flowing to Myanmar’s military government.
Daniel wrote, “The junta will likely use [oil and gas revenues] to control the government apparatus, finance atrocities against the local population, purchase arms, and seize portions for private gain.”
The letter called for sanctions against MOGE, Myanma Foreign Trade Bank and Myanmar Investment and Commercial Bank, the intermediary banks that collect oil and gas revenue.
The campaign for sanctions intensified after TotalEnergies and Chevron announced that dividends from the Yadana pipeline project will not be paid, costing the junta tens of millions of dollars.
408 civil society groups released a statement on Friday demanding that TotalEnergies and Chevron “support targeted sanctions rather than lobbying for exemptions.”
The company’s chairman, Patrick Pouyanné, told its shareholders recently that it would comply with any future sanctions.
The Human Rights Watch responded to TotalEnergies and Chevron’s announcement by stating that a suspension of pipeline profits is not enough without targeted sanctions.
Human Rights Watch’s John Sifton said Chevron and Total’s recent decision is a step in the right direction, but it affects less than 5 percent of the natural gas revenue the Myanmar government receives. “For real impact, governments and companies need to stop the junta from receiving funds or accessing bank accounts that receive payments.”
Human Rights Watch has also expressed concern about the role played by Thai oil company PTT and called on governments that have sanctioned military conglomerates to pressure Japan, Singapore, and Thailand to take similar measures.
As echoed by the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Global Witness called for targeted sanctions and oil and gas funds to be kept in a protected account.
“To capture the rest of these revenues, the international community must impose targeted economic sanctions against the military’s economic interests in the oil and gas sector. The proceeds from the sale of Myanmar’s natural gas will be held for a future, the legitimate government rather than funding the military regime,” said Keel Dietz of Global Witness.
A Myanmar budget document drawn up before the coup predicted Myanmar would earn 2,305 billion kyat (about US$1.4 billion) from oil and gas in 2022. Just over 10% of total government revenues will come from the sector this year.

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The Myanmar Military Burns Three Houses In Village

May 30, 2021

During recent raids on three villages in Magwe Region, regime forces killed three people and set houses on fire at random.

After military trucks passing through the township were struck by explosives the same day, villagers were subjected to a crackdown.

Among the victims was Saw Min Hlaing Oo, a 33-year-old primary school teacher taking part in the nationwide general strike against the coup regime; he was shot in the waist and the thigh. Other casualties included two men aged 50 and 33, but their names were not known at the time of reporting.

The local resident of Gangaw said he did not know why the houses-three in total-were destroyed.

“The soldiers opened fire on the villages from a road. Several bullets hit my village,” a local man told Myanmar Now, asking not to mention the names of the targeted villages for fear of reprisals. “Some of the shooting victims were fleeing when bullets passed just over their heads. All the villagers fled.”

While fleeing the regime forces’ attack, a woman in her 70s slipped down a hillside and broke one of her legs as she was shot in the arm, the local added.

Around 5:30 pm, after the soldiers had left, villagers returned to their homes.

Residents of Kani and Yinmabin townships in the southern Sagaing Region, which borders the Magwe Region, have been resisting the junta rule with homemade guns and explosives since April.

The military retaliated by raiding several villages in those areas to crush the locals’ armed resistance, forcing more than 15,000 residents to flee to the forests to hide or seek refuge in other towns.

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Myanmar Military Defector Forms New Military Group Against The Myanmar Regime

May 10, 2021

A high-ranking defector from the Myanmar military has begun training new recruits in a Myanmar territory that is controlled by an insurgency group.
Major Hein Tha Oo recently defected from the Light Infantry Division in the central town of Meiktila after being in the military for 20 years.
The trainees of this new military group are aged between 20 and 35 and come from cities and towns across the country during a military campaign of mass terror and murder meant to stop the resistance.
This new military group will reveal its location or its exact strength due to security reasons.
These trainees are not just being taught the basics. They are being trained in computers, vocations, English, and first-aid.
Major Oo will not accept the Myanmar military’s blatant, unnecessary killing of non-combatants. The people of Myanmar will not accept it. The Myanmar army is an evil army that will eventually die.
This new military group could battle the military regime at any moment. Major Oo believes that the battles are not set in stone. A battle could happen at any time.
According to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners’ tally, more than 770 people have been killed by the military regime’s forces since February, including dozens of children during attacks on protesters and others.
Among the recruits was a youth who fled Bago after surviving the massacre there last month, in which 82 people were killed, according to local aid groups.
On April 9, soldiers took over the Ponnasu, Hmor Kan, and Socialist neighbourhoods and began abducting and torturing young people indiscriminately.
Some residents decided to flee the city and join the armed resistance.
Those who bully people, torture them and even kill them… I hope they’re ready to die just the same, Hein Thaw Oo said.
The major said that he was willing to cooperate with any organization that strives toward a country without dictatorship and that alliances have already been set up with some organizations.
The National Unity Government (NUG), formed by expelled lawmakers, has been negotiating with armed ethnic groups to establish a federal army to oppose the coup regime.
On May 5th,2021 it announced the formation of a People’s Defence Force, the name by which it refers to this new military force.

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The Head Of The Myanmar Coup Makes His First Visit Overseas

April 24, 2021

The Myanmar military head is going on his first foreign trip since the coup on February 1st, 2021. He will be going to the ASEAN summit on Saturday, April 24th, 2021.
Since the coup on February 1st, more than 700 civilians
The head of the Myanmar military is set to meet international leaders, in what will be his first known foreign trip since the army took power in a coup.
Since the coup happened, more than 700 people have been killed as many protested against the military government. Some of the people killed have been unarmed children in their homes.
The talks in the Indonesian capital will be the first international effort to address the crisis and they will see leaders and foreign ministers from the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) attend.
Though this has not been confirmed, it is widely believed that Min Aung Hlaing will attend the summit in person.
However, the 10 ASEAN members have been divided over whether to even hold a meeting. There are clear signs of splits between governments that want to take action and those that don’t.
ASEAN appears to be divided along geographic lines, with the “mainland” countries – those physically closest to China – more opposed to intervention in Myanmar, while the “maritime” countries – those further from China – are favored to taking action.
From the latter group, Indonesia has been pushing the hardest for a collective response to the crisis.
Yet it will be just as challenging to convince the other nine countries to take a unified stance as it will be to convince the Myanmar junta to de-escalate the crisis.
Philippines’ president and Thailand’s prime minister have said they would only send their foreign ministers.
The other members of this trading federation include Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, and Myanmar.
ASEAN members rarely interfere in each other’s internal affairs, but there have been calls for Myanmar, also known as Burma, to be expelled from the organization.
The UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called for the Asean summit to resolve the crisis and prevent “possible grave humanitarian implications beyond Myanmar’s borders,” UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called for the Asean summit to resolve the crisis and prevent “potential grave humanitarian implications beyond Myanmar’s borders,” UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.
UN special envoy for Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, will be in Jakarta and will be on the sidelines, talking to countries about the Myanmar crisis.
Since the military seized control and declared a year-long state of emergency, there have been mass protests throughout Myanmar.
According to the armed forces, there was widespread fraud in a general election late last year, which returned elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy party to power.
The military promised instead that elections would be “free and fair” once the state of emergency is lifted.
In the past few weeks, the military has increased its use of force against protesters, with one incident earlier this month in the city of Bago seeing more than 80 people killed.
Witnesses told local media that soldiers had used heavy weapons and shot at anything that moved.

Myanmar Military Sentences Many People To Death

April 17, 2021

Legal experts said that the Myanmar military is doing this to instill fear in the population as a result of the announcement that a group of Myanmar people will be sentenced to death by the Myanmar military.
A video broadcast by the Myanmar military revealed recently that 19 people in the North Okkaloa township have been sentenced to death for killing an army officer’s associate, beating an officer, and stealing guns from soldiers. These crimes were committed in late March 2021.
There are actually 17 people who have been tried without being there. Two people, Aung Aung Htet and Bo Bo Thu, have been captured.
According to a lawyer for the protesters, the Myanmar military is hypocritical because they have been killing people on the streets.
According to a state-run newspaper, a military tribunal sentenced seven people to death for killing a woman in Hlaing Tharyuar on March 15, 2021. Four have been captured in the meantime, while three are still on the run.
As a result of the military taking over the civilian government in 1988, the death penalty has been on the books. Kyi Myint, a lawyer, said that no executions have ever taken place.
Myint is optimistic that the military will continue not to execute people. He believes that they are just scared people. Since 1988, many people have been sentenced to death, but no one has actually been killed.
According to Myo Aumg, a lawyer in Myawaddy, Karen State, the military simply wants people to fear them and bow to them.
Myanmar’s legal system applies the death penalty at the level of the district civil court. An appeal must be dismissed within seven days. Death sentences can only be overturned if the President decides they should be. Death sentences are only final if the President orders them to be.
Since the coup, you can appeal to the military council or the Yangon Regional Command.
According to a Maynmar lawyer, the law is used to strengthen the administrative mechanism.
According to a volunteer group in this township, the Maynmar armed forces killed about 30 people in North Okkalap and injured dozens of civilians on March 3, 2021.

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Myanmar Military Locks Their Own Ambassador To UK Out Of Embassy

April 7, 2021

Myanmar’s ambassador to the UK has been unable to get into his London embassy.
The Myanmar military attache told Kyau Zwar Minn and his staff to leave the building and Kyau Zwar Minn was told he no longer represented his country.
Reuters reported that the Maynmar ambassador was locked out of his embassy.
Kyau Zwar Minn, the leader of the Maynmar military, had openly demanded the release of ousted opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1st.
Over 500 people, including children, have been killed since the coup began. Protesters are calling for Aung San Suu Kyi to return to power with her party.
Kyaw Zwar Ninn believes that being locked out of his embassy would be like a coup in the middle of London. He doesn’t want it to happen.
Employees were locked inside the locked building so police were called.
Demonstrators have been demonstrating outside the embassy since the lockdown on the embassy. In March, Kyaw Zwar Minn called for the release of Suu Kyi and told the BBC Myanmar might be headed toward civil war.
According to Minn, his remarks are not perceived as a betrayal to his country. He believes he stands in the middle ground.
British Foreign Secretary, who enjoyed his patriotism and courage, complimented the ambassador who was a former military colonel.
The deputy ambassador to the UK is now the charge d’affairs in London.
There has been no comment from the UK Foreign Office about what happened at the embassy.

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Myanmar Pageant Contestant Speaks Out About Myanmar Military Crackdown

April 6, 2021

What an Asian beauty pageant says at a pageant usually is not newsworthy, but what Han Lay, Miss Grand Myanmar, said at her pageant made headlines.
According to Han Lay, many people are dying in her country. People should attempt to help Myanmar, and they should do it soon.
Han Lay, a 22-year-old, was on the streets of Yangon protesting against the Myanmar junta a month ago.
The Myanmar military took control of the country on February 1, 2021, using the excuse that the election won by the opposition was not fair.
Many people took to the streets, and the military used water cannons to disperse them. A week after that, they used rubber bullets, and then they used live ammunition.
More than 500 people have been killed since February 1st. According to Save The Children, 45 of those killed were children.
Han Lay, a student of psychology at the University of Yangon, decided to talk about her home country on a global stage at the pagest.
Her interview with the BBC in Bangkok said that she knew reporters were being detained and wanted to tell the world about it.
After the pageat, she decided to stay in Thailand for the next three months because she was concerned that the Myanmar military may come after her.
The reason why Han Lay is so worried about my safety and my friend is because she has been talking a lot about the military and the Myanmar situation. Since she is from here, she knows there are limits to what can be said.
Friends have advised her that she should not return to Myanmar.
Two journalists, social media influencers and 18 celebs have been on the names of Myanmar’s National Security and Intelligence Service since the coup last week. They have reported “bad things” about the coup.
Her speech at the pageat left her with no contact with the military or any Myanmar official. When she looks at her social media accounts, people have made threatening comments against her.
They threaten her on social media and say that prison awaits her. She has no idea who is making the threatening remarks. Most of her social media has actually been supportive.
An activist group, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP), believes that about 2,500 people have been placed in jail by the Myanmar military.
One of her friends was killed when he went to a restauran to get some coffe and he was shot by someone.
Her home country is in really bad shape.

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