Archive for the ‘Myanmar’ Category

Myanmar’s Next School Term Is Going To Be Messy

October 18, 2021

The army council is reportedly planning to reopen primary, center, and excessive colleges as early as November in spite of persisted threats of Covid-19 and ongoing instructor strikes and scholar boycotts in accordance with the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) aimed at toppling the junta.
Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, most colleges had been already closed at the time of Myanmar’s February 1 navy coup. The junta tried to reopen them nationwide on June 1, the beginning of Myanmar’s educational year, however extra than half of the country’s 400,000 instructors have been on strike and simply 10 percent of the estimated 9 million college students nationwide opted to enroll. More than a hundred placing instructors have additionally been charged beneath the Penal Code’s Section 505a for incitement, in accordance with the Myanmar Teachers’ Federation.
Those faculties that did reopen in June have later closed once more on July 9 when the 1/3 wave of the pandemic hit the country.
However, a picture of a navy council note in Ayeyarwady Region’s Yegyi Township has these days long past viral online instructing the township schooling officer to put together the colleges to reopen in November.
While a professional date for reopening has now not been announced, the junta’s records group alluded on Wednesday that such a tournament used to be coming near however had been obstructed via anti-coup entities.
They accused “political extremist participants and supporters” of the National League for Democracy, the National Unity Government and the Committee Representing the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw of committing arson in schools, inciting violence, and threatening schooling team of workers into becoming a member of the CDM “while officers made preparations for the reopening of schools.”
A spokesperson from the strike committee of a union for simple training staff—and a hanging instructor himself—said his team is in opposition to any pass through the army to reopen colleges and brush aside it as a strive by way of the generals to normalize army administration.
As the people’s resistance struggle in opposition to the army and the “revolutionary momentum” continues to attain strength, he stated that neither he nor his colleagues may want to ruin away from the movement.
“It is simply not possible for us to end up non-CDM [staff] once more due to the fact we have stayed sturdy even below their rigorous oppression. In this contemporary situation, we don’t care if they reopen schools—we will proceed our resistance,” he said.
Presumably, in connection with the reopening of schools, the navy council additionally declared in its newspaper on Wednesday that it used to be launching a nationwide Covid-19 vaccination software thru October 25 for college students over the age of 12 the use of the Chinese-manufactured Sinovac. However, they furnished small print solely for how these vaccines would be administered in the capital, Naypyitaw.
Education workforce throughout us of an established to Myanmar Now that they had been informed the equal announcement with the aid of neighborhood junta authorities that the faculty would open following the vaccination scheme.
Vaccination prices are low amongst adults, with quotes unknown without for facts launched via the junta’s fitness branch on Tuesday suggesting that simply 4.2 million of Myanmar’s extra than 50 million humans have obtained two doses of any jab.
Khant Lu Aung, the father of an excessive college scholar from Mandalay who would be eligible for re-enrolment and vaccination, stated he did no longer ship his son again to college after the army seized energy and would proceed to hold him out of the junta’s schooling system.
“Under a dictatorship, I am now not fascinated in whether or not the faculties open or close. Even if they are without a doubt going to reopen, I won’t let my youngster go there. Under their rule, whether or not it is healthcare or education, nothing is reliable,” Khant Lu Aung informed Myanmar Now.
Nilar Win, a principal college instructor taking phase in the CDM who selected now not to disclose her place for safety reasons, advised Myanmar Now she was once worried about the security of maybe bringing college students lower back to faculty subsequent month, given the fitness disaster and the ongoing instability in the country.
“It is very questionable that they are reopening colleges for the children’s well-being,” she said, including that the junta has even talked to instructors about “squeezing two college years into one” to make up for gaining knowledge of time misplaced all through the pandemic.
Teaching modules are commonly divided into 36 weeks of lessons, she explained, including that no data had been shared with instructors about the upcoming curriculum.
Khant Lu Aung advised Myanmar Now that he had organized for his infant to learn about some educational topics online in the course of the cutting-edge faculty 12 months however that he did no longer have a long-term sketch for their schooling amid the unrest.
Myanmar Now tried to contact the govt director of the junta’s schooling branch Ko Lay Win to remark on the deliberate reopening of schools, however, the calls went unanswered.

Myanmar Military LeadeNot Be Allowed To Attend ASEAN Summit

October 17, 2021

The head of Myanmar’s military junta will be excluded from an upcoming Asean summit, the group said on Saturday, a rare rebuke as concerns rise over the military government’s commitment to defusing a bloody crisis.
Foreign ministers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations agreed at an emergency meeting late Friday that Min Aung Hlaing would not be invited to the leaders’ meeting on Oct 26-28, the current Asean chair Brunei said.
The bloc, widely considered a toothless organisation for its rigid devotion to “non-interference” in each other’s internal affairs, took a strong stand after the junta rebuffed requests for a special envoy to meet with all parties concerned — a phrase seen to include ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
The statement noted “insufficient progress” in the implementation of a five-point plan agreed by ASEAN leaders in April to end turmoil following a coup in February.
Some member states recommended giving “space to Myanmar to restore its internal affairs and return to normalcy”.
It was decided “to invite a non-political representative from Myanmar” to the summit, “while noting the reservations from the Myanmar representative”, the statement said.
Mustafa Izzuddin, a global affairs analyst at the consultancy Solaris Strategies Singapore, called the exclusion “a political stopgap measure for Asean to assuage international criticism”.
“Second, it ensures its regional reputation as an organization that can still play an active role in Southeast Asian affairs,” he told AFP.
Izzuddin also said the move sent a “political signal” to the junta “that ASEAN is not one to be pushed around, and that Myanmar must show its seriousness and its commitment to roll out the five-point plan”.
Myanmar, mostly ruled by the military since a 1962 coup, has been a thorn in Asean’s side since it joined in 1997.
Elections in 2015 won by Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party ushered in the start of civilian rule — but this was cut short by the coup.
ASEAN has been under international pressure to address unrest that erupted after the putsch, including massive protests; renewed clashes between the military and ethnic rebel armies in border regions; and an economy spiraling into freefall.
The bloc has expressed disappointment at a lack of cooperation from the junta, which continues to crack down brutally on dissent. More than 1,000 civilians have been killed, according to a local monitoring group.
Part of the consensus was to allow a long-delayed visit by a special envoy, Brunei’s Second Foreign Minister Erywan Yusof.
ASEAN has insisted that he meets with all parties concerned, but the junta rejected any proposed meetings with people on trial, among them Aung San Suu Kyi, who is facing charges including sedition and flouting coronavirus restrictions during last year’s polls.
Member nations had already voiced their disappointment at the path the junta has chosen.

Myanmar Military Prrpaing For Next Election

October 15, 2021

Myanmar’s coup regime has stepped up efforts to interchange the country’s electoral machine to Proportional Representation (PR), which might make it less complicated for smaller events to win parliamentary seats and might consequently advantage the army’s proxy Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP).
Last year’s election, wherein the now-ousted National League for Democracy (NLD) humiliated the USDP, changed into held below the First Past the Post (FPTP) machine, which means that during every constituency the candidate with the maximum votes received a parliamentary seat whilst the dropping applicants’ votes have been discarded.
Under the junta’s plan, seats in parliament might accept events primarily based totally on the share of the vote they obtained nationwide. In each of the preceding elections, the NLD changed into offered a percentage of seats that changed into better than the share it secured of the country-wide vote.
The junta’s repeated guarantees to keep new elections withinside the wake of its February 1 coup had been extensively derided with the aid of using pro-democracy activists, who say any ballot held below the army’s authority can be illegitimate and that the NLD have to be unconditionally lower back to power.
Many of the junta’s opponents, inclusive of the shadow National Unity Government, have dedicated themselves to overthrowing the dictatorship with armed resistance, moves and boycotts.
Since early June, the junta has continuously promoted the PR machine in its newspapers. Earlier this month its election fee launched an ee-e boat outing the advantages of the machine titled Studying the Legislative Parliamentary Elections (Part 1).
The fee marketed the ee-ebook as “the solution to questions including which PR machine will be great to put into effect in an election and what form of an election have to be held below the 2008 Constitution.”
The ee-ebook is a must-have for applicants and events making plans to participate in upcoming elections, the fee stated.
Commission member Khin Maung Oo stated at a press convention in Naypyitaw overdue closing month that almost all the political events have agreed to interchange to the PR machine, even though he did now no longer specify how many.
“We have organized the vital legal guidelines, principles, manuals and publications in an effort to be capable of putting into effect the plan proper after the UEC has mentioned with the political events and made the selection,” he stated. He brought that a PR machine isn’t in opposition to the 2008 Constitution.
The fee, led with the aid of using the previous trendy Thein Soe, held numerous conferences with political events in overdue February and in May to talk about the PR machine, in step with representatives of events that attended.
Most events that attended received only a few votes withinside the preceding election, have been aligned with the army, or each.
Sai Aik Pao, chair of the Shan Nationalities Democratic Party (SNDP), stated he attended the conferences however did now no longer say anything.
“They talked specifically approximately the PR machine. I assume there can be every other assembly on the give up of this month,” he stated. “We ought to pay attention to them provide an explanation for approximately it. We can’t determine whether or not or now no longer we’d receive it without paying attention to their explanation.”
On Saturday, Lieutenant General Win Bo Shein pointed out the PR machine in element all through an assembly with the National Solidarity and Peace Negotiation Committee (NSPNC), which a few political events attended, BBC Burmese reported.
Coup chief Min Aung Hlaing has been vocal approximately his choice to extra de to a PR machine.
He stated all through an assembly in Naypyitaw with contributors of his army council in August that a PR machine might be “all-inclusive” and permit for constituents’ voices to be higher represented.
“It is vital to amend the manner representatives are elected and the election machine,” he stated. “During its tenure, the authorities will make those amendments with the aid of using coordinating with everyone.”
It isn’t the primary time the army and its supporters have touted a PR machine. In 2012, after the NLD received almost every seat it contested with the aid of using elections a Lower House lawmaker from the National Democratic Force (PDF), a USDP ally, submitted an offer in parliament to talk about a circulate in the direction of PR.
The NDF’s chair Than Nyein additionally despatched the election fee proper advice to undertake the PR machine. The PDF once more submitted an offer withinside the USDP-ruled parliament urging a extrude to PR in 2014.
While the then-ruling USDP and the PDF have been in favor of the machine, NLD lawmakers in large part adversarial it, with their birthday celebration anticipated to land a majority withinside the 2015 election.
NLD MPs submitted an objection to the notion on the Constitutional Tribunal. The NDF’s efforts failed, after which parliamentary speaker Shwe Mann concluded the talk with the aid of using mentioning the tribunal and maintaining that FPTP changed into the most effective electoral machine that changed into in keeping with the Constitution.
Now that the army council has entire manipulate over the election fee and the constitutional tribunal, there are now no longer any hurdles for Min Aung Hlaing to put into effect PR.
Khin Maung Oo, the election fee member, stated the FPTP machine might nonetheless be utilized in Myanmar’s six self-administered areas and 29 constituencies for ethnic affairs minister positions withinside the subsequent election.
“We will nonetheless abide with the aid of using the electoral legal guidelines covered withinside the 2008 Constitutions in imposing the PR machine and we can now no longer extrude the number of MPs,” he stated at closing month’s press convention.
The PR machine has additionally confronted competition from numerous ethnic events. The Zomi Congress for Democracy birthday celebration’s secretary trendy, Pu Gin Kam Lian, stated he adversarial the machine earlier than at the grounds it might be tough to put into effect in Chin State.
The birthday celebration might now take its lead on whether or not to aid PR from the United Nationalities Alliance (UNA), a coalition of 15 ethnic political events, he brought.
“We ought to determine relying on the UNA’s selection. And we nonetheless don’t realize what the NLD goes to do. All people inclusive of the NLD agreed to boycott the 2010 election, however, we gave our aid while the NLD stated it might compete withinside 2012 with the aid of using-election,” he stated.
“We can’t rush the selection now as we don’t realize what’s going to appear subsequent,” he brought.
Sai Aik Pao stated the SNLD additionally adversarial PR below the USDP authorities. “We objected to the concept returned then due to the fact we didn’t apprehend it fully. We nonetheless can’t make a selection now because it’s nonetheless a pretty new concept for us,” he stated.
A founding member of the New Myanmar Foundation election tracking group, who requested now no longer to be named, stated it regarded the junta desired to keep an election soon, especially because it had used fake claims of voter fraud to justify its coup.
“It seems that the ASEAN is likewise pressuring them as they used voter fraud as an excuse,” she stated, relating to the ten-member bloc of Southeast Asian nations that Myanmar is a member of. “So plainly they may be maintaining every other election very soon.”

Opposition Using Landmines To Inflict Heavy Damage On Myanmar Military

October 12, 2021

Resistance forces in upper Myanmar say they used landmines to inflict heavy casualties against junta soldiers in recent days.
The attacks against columns of soldiers in Mandalay, Sagaing and Magway regions caused scores of injuries, local armed groups said, though they were unsure of the exact number of deaths.
A chapter of the People’s Defence Force (PDF) in Mandalay Region’s ​​Thabeikkyin Township attacked a military convoy last Wednesday night at Three Mile village, just outside of the town of Takaung and near the border with Sagaing.
Thabeikkyin locals said the attack injured at least 30 junta soldiers. The convoy was apparently heading towards Htigyaing Township in Sagaing from Thabeikkyin, one of the locals said.
“Three Mile village is right next to the town of Takaung. We heard the sound of the explosion and a military vehicle was caught in the fire,” said the local.
There was also a small clash near the cemetery in the nearby village of Taung Ta Lone at the same time as the landmine attack, he added. “We could hear the exchange of gunshots but heard no one was injured in that battle.”
The PDF in Thabeikkyin said the next day that it attacked the convoy in collaboration with resistance fighters from Htigyaing. A military truck was destroyed and several junta soldiers were injured, its statement said, without specifying if anyone died.
Higuain has been the target of a junta crackdown aimed at crushing the armed resistance after civilians-turned-guerrillas burned down police outposts there last week.
Before its landmine attack in Takaung, the Thabeikkyin PDF’s missions consisted of assassinating suspected military informants and pro-junta local administrators, as well as destroying phone towers owned by Mytel, which is part-owned by the military.
In Sagaing’s Taze Township on Friday afternoon, guerrilla fighters used landmines to attack about 20 junta soldiers who were returning on foot after patrolling the village of Nabetgyi.
The Taze People’s Comrades (TPC) set the mines near a bridge that connects Nabetgyi with Thetkeitan village in the north of Taze. After one of the mines exploded there was a clash between the two groups.
The TPC said several junta soldiers died while a local said at least 18 soldiers were killed. Myanmar Now is unable to independently verify the figures.
“We could see them marching on foot,” said the local, who is close to the TPC. “They all fell down when the landmine exploded. Two then stood up and started shooting at everything and everyone they saw for about 30 minutes.”
Although only one mine exploded, the soldiers were grouped together on the bridge and many were therefore caught in the blast, the local said.
Resistance groups in upper Myanmar are outgunned by the junta’s forces and depend largely on homemade weapons, as well as whatever they can seize from defeated soldiers.
Pdf_troops.Jpeg
PDF troops at an undisclosed location in Sagaing Region in August (Supplied)
PDF troops at an undisclosed location in Sagaing Region in August (Supplied)
The Taze resident said guerrilla fighters find landmines highly effective compared to traditional muskets but are struggling to raise enough money to buy the necessary components to make the explosives.
“Every resistance force is having this problem now, but we’re all selling whatever we own to make more weapons. It’d be a lot better if the NUG could provide us with more weapons,” he said, referring to the underground National Unity Government.
The NUG has declared war on the junta and said it will unite Myanmar’s numerous resistance forces under one banner and establish a chain of command.
Many of those who have taken up arms, however, say they have still received little or no help from the NUG.

A mechanic was shot and killed in Taze on Friday morning for reasons that are unclear.

Kyaw Win, 48, who owned the Htoo Tawwin mechanic shop, was shot four times by two unknown attackers in civilian clothes at around 6am, according to a local.

“He was shot twice in the stomach and once in the leg. He was serving as an officer for a social service group helping civilians get oxygen supplies,” said the local, referring to efforts to assist people suffering from Covid-19.
“We still don’t know who perpetrated the attack. Two armed assailants on a motorbike shot him,” he added.
Since the killing, soldiers have conducted searches in the town and tightened security.
Residents in some villages in Taze have continued to hold daily protests against the junta despite deadly crackdowns against unarmed demonstrators.
Also on Friday, PDF fighters from Magway’s Saw Township used landmines to attack a column of around 100 junta soldiers as they walked alongside five military trucks.
At least five mines exploded in the ambush, which happened six miles outside of the township as the soldiers headed towards the town of Kyaukhtu.
“Given the type of landmines we used, there was no way for them to escape,” said a member of Saw PDF who identified himself as a battalion commander. “However, we have yet to confirm the exact number of casualties on the military’s side.”
He added that the junta soldiers also fired around 40 shots using both light and heavy weapons during their departure from Saw.
“They have been using this new strategy where the vehicles only carry the drivers and the rest of the troops just march on foot beside the vehicles,” he said, adding that the military column retreated to Saw after the attack.
The Saw PDF on Wednesday issued a statement warning civilians not to use the road connecting Saw and Kyaukhtu as there may be clashes.
Last month the Saw PDF said it attacked junta forces with landmines on a road that connects Saw with a town 20 miles north called Kan Gyi, injuring at least 10 soldiers.
The townships of Saw and Kyaukhtu are connected to Kanpetlet and Mindat in Chin State, where armed resistance against the junta has been tenacious.

Myanmar Military Suffered A Lot Of Casualties Last Month

October 11, 2021

Myanmar’s military regime has suffered its heaviest losses in a month since the Feb. 1 coup with over 1,500 soldiers killed as fighting mounts after the civilian National Unity Government (NUG) declared war on Sept 7.
NUG’s Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration reported that 1,562 soldiers were killed and 552 wounded – more than double August’s death toll – in attacks by ethnic armed groups and civilian resistance fighters between Sept 7 and Oct 6.
The civilian ministry stated that 953 attacks were made on military and administrative targets and military-owned businesses.
Yangon reported the highest number of explosions with 178, followed by Mandalay with 81.
Sagaing Region topped the list for violent clashes with 81, followed by Magwe Region, Kachin State, and Kayah State with 32, 30 and 22 clashes respectively, according to the report.
Since late March, people have taken up weapons, including slingshots, homemade air-guns, and firearms, to resist the junta in response to the killing of peaceful, anti-regime protesters across the country.
Resistance forces step up operations against the regime after the NUG declared war against the regime on Sept 7.
The military regime’s spokesman, Major General Zaw Min Tun, admitted that attacks on junta personnel increased in Yangon and Mandalay after the NUG’s announcement.
On Oct 3, around 100 junta soldiers were killed in 37 attacks, including firefights with junta troops, ambushes on military convoys, and raids on security outposts and military-owned businesses.
In June and July, around 1,130 soldiers were killed and in August, around 580 soldiers were killed, according to the NUG.
The junta forces have also escalated inspections, arrests, raids and violence, including burning down and bombarding residential areas, especially in the resistance strongholds of Sagaing and Magwe regions and Chin and Kayah states.
According to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, which monitors arrests and killings by junta forces, at least 1,160 people have been killed and more than 8,800 arrested since the coup.
Topics: civil disobedience movement, civilian deaths, Coup, crackdown, Democracy, Human Rights, junta, military in politics, military regime, Min Aung Hlaing, Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration, National League for Democracy, National Unity Government, November 8 general election, PDF, People’s Defense Force, people’s war, Political Prisoners, Rule of Law, State Administrative Council, State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Tatmadaw

ASEAN Leaders Are Deciding Whether Myanmar Leader Should Come To Up Coning Summit Or Not

October 10, 2021

A regional envoy has said Southeast Asia is discussing not inviting the head of Myanmar’s military regime to their leaders’ summit later this month after the generals failed to make progress on a road map to restore peace after a February coup plunged the country into chaos.
In a news conference on Wednesday, ASEAN’s special envoy to Myanmar, Erywan Yusof, said the military’s failure to follow up on a five-point plan it agreed to in April was “tantamount to backtracking”.
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the country’s army chief, seized power on February 1, ending 10 years of tentative steps towards democracy and sparking mass protests and civil disobedience.
A second foreign minister from Brunei, ASEAN’s current chair, said the bloc was in discussions about not inviting the military government to participate in a virtual summit starting on October 26.
The five-point consensus has yet to be implemented, Erwan said.
On Wednesday, Reuters news agency was unable to reach Zaw Min Tun, the military government’s spokesman. He said at a news conference last week that Myanmar was cooperating with ASEAN “without compromising its sovereignty”.
Myanmar’s military and the National Unity Government (NUG), the shadow government set up by politicians thrown out of office, have criticized the bloc’s efforts to engage the military.
However, there are signs that some countries within the 10-member grouping are becoming frustrated.
Kuala Lumpur will not support Min Aung Hlaing’s attendance at the summit if the military continues to ignore ASEAN’s attempt at conflict resolution, Malaysia’s foreign minister Saifuddin Abdullah said at the country’s parliament on Wednesday.
In response to a follow-up question about whether Malaysia might engage with the shadow civilian administration, Saifuddin said Malaysia might consider dialogue with NUG “if what was agreed in the consensus cannot be achieved”.
There have been more than 1,000 deaths since the generals toppled the government of Aung San Suu Kyi, and thousands have been detained. Several opponents of the coup have set up armed groups to fight the military, while the NUG has declared a “defensive” war on the military

Myanmar Military Detains Several People Over Murder of Military Informant

October 9, 2021

Junta forces detained 15 people in a village in Ayeyarwady Region following the killing of an alleged military informant last week, locals have said.
Win Myint Aung, also known as Gyat Gyi, was shot dead in Thapyay Kone village, Myan Aung Township, on October 1, prompting junta forces to detain six women and nine men who were known to be supporters of the ousted National League for Democracy (NLD) government.
“They were arrested on the same night of the assassination and they’re still arresting more and more people to this day,” one local resident said. “They didn’t even give us any reason for their arrests. They’re just arresting whoever they want.”
In July soldiers started hunting for resistance fighters in villages around Myan Aung, which sits next to the Rakhine Mountains, believing that the People’s Defence Force (PDF) was training people in the area. A number of young people fled the area during those raids.
Junta forces made dozens of arrests in Ayeyarwady Region last month as part of its efforts to prevent armed resistance to the coup regime taking hold there as it has in Sagaing, Chin, Magway, and elsewhere.
The 15 people arrested this month were taken to the Thapyay Kone regional police station for interrogation, the resident said. Myanmar Now was unable to reach the station to speak to police there about the arrests and was unable to confirm the detainees’ names.
The military council said in June that it arrested six PDF fighters near Bant Bwe Kone village in Myan Aung, but locals told Myanmar Now that the detainees were not involved in the armed resistance movement.
There are at least 7,104 people in detention across the country for opposing the coup regime, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners said on October 6

Myanmar WIll Get More Vaccine From Global Health Partner

October 8, 2021

Myanmar will receive more than 6 million COVID-19 vaccine doses from a global health partnership that is helping the world’s most vulnerable populations get vaccinated, after seeing a delay in the shipping of the vaccines the country was initially promised through the initiative.
The country’s Health Ministry said on Wednesday that it held a series of meetings with representatives from GAVI and its partners WHO and UNICEF from late July through late August on providing vaccines. GAVI is a private-public global health alliance that aims to increase access to immunization in poor countries.
The ministry said GAVI would provide more than 4 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine, while UNICEF will support the ultracold chain system that is essential to keep the vaccine at the recommended storage temperature of as low as -70°C. It will also provide more than 2.2 million doses of the Chinese vaccine Sinovac.
Myanmar has been hit hard by the third wave of COVID-19. In July alone, a total of 6,000 people died from the disease, mostly due to the regime’s mismanagement. The country reported its first case of coronavirus in late March last year. As of Wednesday, Myanmar had reported 473,025 positive cases and 17,988 deaths.
Myanmar’s ousted Daw Aung San Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy (NLD) government started to purchase vaccines in late 2020 and launched a nationwide vaccination program in January 2021. It also reached out to COVAX, an UN-backed initiative that is co-led by GAVI, to get 27 million doses, which were scheduled to arrive starting from March. Then, the coup in February threw everything into disarray, including vaccinations and the shipment from COVAX.
Following the coup, the regime intermittently resumed immunization and geared up in August with vaccines donated and purchased from China, vowing that half of the country’s more than 55 million population would be jabbed by the end of this year. As of Monday, the regime said, 3.92 million people had been fully vaccinated.

Should Myanmar Be Included At The Next ASEAN Summit?

October 7, 2021

An ASEAN summit will take place later this month, and delegates are debating whether to include Myanmar or not. ASEAN includes Myanmar, but other nations are debating whether to recognize and invite the leader of the military junta that overthrew the elected government in Myanmar in February to the summit.
As a result of a summit in April to address the political turmoil in Myanmar, the military agreed to a 5-point plan designed to restore peace in the country. After months of stagnation and inaction, the special envoy appointed as part of that plan said that the military junta’s inaction was tantamount to backtracking.
This month, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations will hold a summit, and delegates are debating whether to include Myanmar or not. As a member of ASEAN, Myanmar is in trouble, but other nations are debating whether to recognize and invite the military junta leader who overthrew the elected government there in February to the ASEAN summit.
During a summit in April, the military agreed to work towards restoring peace in Myanmar through a 5-point plan. However, after months of stagnation and inaction, the envoy appointed under that plan said that the military junta’s inaction was “tantamount to backtracking.”
The 6 months since the plan was outlined have seen virtually no progress, and none of the five points have been addressed. The envoy says the military junta has not directly responded to messages, including requests to meet with detained leaders like Aung San Suu Kyi.
The ASEAN plan also called for an open dialogue between the military and the association of nations, the opening of the Burmese borders to humanitarian aid, and an immediate end to all violent clashes. None of those things have happened.
The lack of action by ASEAN challenges its desire to be inclusive but also confronts a dictatorship rife with human rights abuses. As Malaysia’s top diplomat commented, the envoy’s disappointment was echoed by his assessment that, while he was doing everything he could, recognizing Min Aung Hlaing by giving him a seat at the summit this month would be nearly impossible under the circumstances.

ASEAN Does Not Like What Myanmar Military Is Doing

October 6, 2021

According to Indonesia’s foreign minister, Myanmar’s military has not made any significant progress in implementing the Southeast Asian roadmap for peace following the coup or given any feedback on the work of the regional envoy in the country.
Most foreign ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) expressed disappointment at Myanmar in a meeting on Monday, Retno Marsudi told a news conference.
The envoy said ASEAN had offered to help prevent the situation from worsening, but access to all parties in Myanmar posed a challenge. Myanmar has been rocked by months of turmoil since the generals seized power on February 1.
Malaysia’s foreign minister warned Myanmar it could be excluded from this month’s summit of ASEAN leaders if it refused to cooperate with its special envoy in resolving the crisis
Earlier this month, Saifuddin Abdullah said Malaysia was disappointed with the lack of cooperation with Erywan Yusof, Brunei’s second foreign minister who took office in August.
Myanmar’s military is reportedly still negotiating the terms of his visit
According to his tweets, “It would be difficult to have” Myanmar’s military leader Senior General Min Aung Hlaing at the ASEAN summit later this month if there is no progress.
According to Yusof, he wants full access to all parties, including Aung San Suu Kyi and other officials who were detained by the military during their power grab.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned last week that the chance to prevent the army from entrenching its rule was dwindling.
Yusof’s appointment is welcome, but ASEAN’s slow progress calls for unified regional and international action to prevent the crisis from becoming a large-scale conflict and a multi-faceted catastrophe beyond.ary regime has claimed, without evidence, that the general election Aung Sun Suu Kyi’s party won last November in a landslide was marred by widespread fraud.
Security forces have used force to suppress protests and mass disobedience movements that emerged after the coup, killing more than 1,100 people, according to the Assistance Association of Political Prisoners, a human rights group that has kept track of the situation.
Opponents of military rule have resorted to self-defense, sabotage, and killings of soldiers and officials on a near-daily basis.